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**RARE**LARGE**C1835-1837 British William IV ‘K. Bucks’ (K Division Or Weights & Measures Area Buckinghamshire) Number ‘7’ (Constable’s Collar Number) Walnut Tipstaff / Early Police Truncheon With Hand Painted Decoration. Sn 20889 - 20889
The ancient English boroughs of Buckingham and High Wycombe (also known as Chepping Wycombe) became municipal boroughs in 1835. Shortly afterwards borough police forces were established. These early Police forces were also responsible for the inspection of weights and measures. William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837. The earliest record of the Tipstaff (Warrant Stick) was in the 14th Century. The name derives from the early origins of Policing when Warranted Officers would apprehend a criminal with the help if necessary of a tipped staff. The staff would be made of wood or metal and were not only a means of self defence but also symbols of their authority. Modern Police Truncheons originated from these Tipstaffs. This is an excellent original and rare to find William IV Tipstaff Truncheon made between C1835 when the Buckingham Police were formed and 1837 when King William IV died. The body is made of hand painted ebonised walnut (it is rare to find these tipstaffs made of walnut). The staff measures a large 24” length. It has colourful original hand painted decoration featuring a Crown and Royal Cypher ‘IVWR’ (William IV Rex). The shaft also has hand painted ‘K. Bucks’ (most likely K Division or Weights & Measures area Buckinghamshire) All of the staff’s colours are vivid. The grip has period hand carved number ‘7’ most likely a constable’s collar number & is holed for wrist strap. The price for this attractive tipstaff worthy of further research includes UK delivery. Sn 20889
£695.00

Male Metropolitan Police Helmet. POL 357. - POL 357
The Metropolitan Police Service was founded in 1829 by Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel under the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 and on 29 September of that year, the first constables of the service appeared on the streets of London.[18] Ten years later, Metropolitan Police Act 1839 consolidated policing within London by expanding the Metropolitan Police District and either abolishing or amalgamating the various other law enforcement entities within London into the Metropolitan Police such as the Thames River Police and the Bow Street Runners.. This style helmet was claimed by some sources to have been based on the spiked pickelhaube worn by the Prussian Army, it was first adopted by the London Metropolitan Police in 1863 to replace the "stovepipe" top hat worn since 1829. This helmet has been very well looked after, the leather sweat band, *chin strap not present* waterproof wool and the late queen's cypher EIIR, standing for Elizabeth II Regina is in excellent condition. Size 7. The price includes UK delivery. POL 357.
£175.00

*Mint* Police Males Suffolk Constabulary Helmet by Christy's London. POL 356. - POL 356
The force formed from the merger of West Suffolk Constabulary and East Suffolk Constabulary. Those forces had previously been merged in 1869 and the split again in 1899. The most recent merger took place in 1967, which also saw the Ipswich Borough Police merged. This style helmet was claimed by some sources to have been based on the spiked pickelhaube worn by the Prussian Army, it was first adopted by the London Metropolitan Police in 1863 to replace the "stovepipe" top hat worn since 1829. This helmet has been very well looked after, the chin strap, leather sweat band, waterproof wool and furniture are all in excellent condition. The leather sweat band has the ‘Christys of London’ stamped in gold along with ‘Made in England’ and the size ‘6 3/4 ‘. The price includes UK delivery. POL 356.
£175.00

C1900 Pair of Original ‘Hiatt Darby 12’ Handcuffs with Key. PO 110. - PO 110
Hiatt Darby handcuffs manufactured by Hiatt and Company of Birmingham, England, in the late 1800s. The company was founded by a Mr Hiatt in 1780 a Thomas Griffin Hiatt appears in the Birmingham trade directory in 1818 as a manufacturer of felon's irons, gate locks, handcuffs, horse and dog collars. This pair of Hiatt Darby handcuffs with D shaped wrist restraints and key have a release mechanism which works by the key turning in a keyhole on either cuff. The cuffs are joined by a small round link either side of the centre lock style link. They are marked ‘HIATT ’ ‘HARD to both cuffs along with the number 12 and ‘WARRANTED WROUGHT’. The cuffs are heavy and chromed in colour, working and in very good condition with a nice aged patina. The attaching chain is 14 ½ cm long. The key has ‘HIATT’ & ‘A’ to one side. The price includes UK delivery. PO 110.
£225.00

C1880 Hiatt ‘Come Along’ Victorian Handcuffs. PO 109. - PO 109
Pair of Hiatt style solid brass 'Come Along' handcuffs Victorian c1880. An exceptional pair of late 19th century Victorian handcuffs having a simple spring lock mechanism design. The pair were produced by Hiatt & Co (Hiatt handcuffs manufactured by Hiatt and Company of Birmingham, England, in the late 1800s. The company was founded by a Mr Hiatt in 1780 a Thomas Griffin Hiatt appears in the Birmingham trade directory in 1818 as a manufacturer of felon's irons, gate locks, handcuffs, horse and dog collars). Stamped ‘Hiatt Steel’ to one side and ‘British Made’ to the other, with the centre pivot being decorated with a kaleidoscope/floral design on both sides. A wonderful collectable pair being in a superb clean condition being free of any visible faults or defects. The price includes UK delivery. PO 109.
£195.00

*Scarce* Victorian Hiatt ‘Irish 8’ Handcuffs. PO 108. - PO 108
The Irish 8 being a sought after handcuff. The Darby spring-backed bolt with external threading is pulled out with the internally threaded screw key. These cuffs are so called as they form a figure of eight and were used primarily in Ireland. The origins of Hiatt and Company Ltd. lie in the late eighteenth century, circa 1780, and made handcuffs, leg-irons, manacles and other devices to shackle humans for more than 200 years. In 1818 Thomas Griffin Hiatt appears in the Wrightson Directory for the first time as a manufacturer of felon's irons and gate locks, located on Moor St. in Birmingham. Sometime in the next few years Hiatt moved around the corner to 26 Masshouse Lane, where he manufactured felon's irons, gate lock, handcuffs, and horse and dog collars. The Hiatt Company remained at the 26 Masshouse Lane address, until the premises were destroyed by a World War II German bombing in 1941. The company shut its doors for the last time at its Birmingham workshops in 2008. This example has lost the majority of its coating and now has a light rust coloured patina. The key has the number 107 printed to the outer edge of the turn *slight buckle to the turn*. The cuffs work as they should. The price includes UK delivery. PO 108.
£195.00

Hiatt No 5 Handcuffs Marked "WRC" (West Riding Constabulary) With Key. PO 107. - PO 107
The origins of Hiatt and Company Ltd. lie in the late eighteenth century, circa 1780, and made handcuffs, leg-irons, manacles and other devices to shackle humans for more than 200 years. In 1818 Thomas Griffin Hiatt appears in the Wrightson Directory for the first time as a manufacturer of felon's irons and gate locks, located on Moor St. in Birmingham. Sometime in the next few years Hiatt moved around the corner to 26 Masshouse Lane, where he manufactured felon's irons, gate lock, handcuffs, and horse and dog collars. The Hiatt Company remained at the 26 Masshouse Lane address, until the premises were destroyed by a World War II German bombing in 1941. The company shut its doors for the last time at its Birmingham workshops in 2008. These Darby cuffs are a light steel colour marked to both cuffs ‘ BRITISH MADE-WARRANTED WROUGHT – HIATT BEST - & W.R.C ((West Riding Constabulary). Both are stamped 1939. The key is marked with an X 2082 and HIATT. The cuffs are working and in very good condition with a nice patina. The price includes UK delivery. PO 107.
£175.00

C1900 Pair of Original ‘Hiatt Darby 15’ Handcuffs with Key. PO 106. - PO 106
Hiatt Darby handcuffs manufactured by Hiatt and Company of Birmingham, England, in the late 1800s. The company was founded by a Mr Hiatt in 1780 a Thomas Griffin Hiatt appears in the Birmingham trade directory in 1818 as a manufacturer of felon's irons, gate locks, handcuffs, horse and dog collars. This pair of Hiatt Darby handcuffs with D shaped wrist restraints and key have a release mechanism which works by the key turning in a keyhole on either cuff. The cuffs are joined by a small round link either side of the centre lock style link. They are marked ‘HIATT ’ ‘HARD to both cuffs along with the number 15 and ‘WARRANTED WROUGHT’ to just one cuff. The cuffs are heavy and iron in colour, working and in very good condition with a nice patina. The key has ‘HIATT’ and No 15 to each side. The price includes UK delivery. PO 106.
£175.00

WWI era 1916-1919 Manchester Hand painted Presentation Truncheon to Special Constable John Howarth by Maker Lindop Manchester. 20677. - 20677
The concept of a ‘special constable’ was first introduced by statue in the times of Charles II; however, little or no use was made of them until the 19th century. In 1831 Reform Bill riots were seen in Bristol, with similar outbreaks occurring across the country. It was the threat of further disorder such as this that saw the passing of the Special Constables Act 1831. Truncheons are short wooden clubs traditionally used by police forces. They have been carried by watchmen, parish constables and subsequently policemen since the middle ages, and have been regarded as being symbols of authority as well as a means of defence. This truncheon commemorates the service of Mr John Howarth as a Special Constable for the City of Manchester during the Great War. The ‘Specials’ were men who volunteered to assist the police during World War I while many regular officers were serving in the military. At the end of the war commemorative truncheons were presented to all Special Constables in recognition of the importance of their role. Measuring 39 ½ cm made from hardwood and in excellent condition with the Manchester coat of arms below the GR cypher, there is a manufacturers stamp to the end 'LINDOP MANCHESTER'. The truncheon comes with its original leather lanyard. This item commands further investigation. The price includes UK delivery. 20677.
£345.00

Victorian Wood Baluster Tipstaff Truncheon with Hand Painted Decoration Crown VR IV K Royal Cypher. 20613. - 20613
The earliest record of the Tipstaff (Warrant Stick) was in the 14th century. The name derives from the early origins of Policing when Warranted Officers would apprehend a criminal with the help if necessary of a tipped staff. The staff would be made of wood or metal and were not only a means of self-defence but the tips of the staffs would bear symbols of their authority. Modern Police Truncheons originated from these Tipstaffs. Measuring an impressive 51 ½ cm painted with the Royal Crown, VR IV K cypher (possibly a Kent Police truncheon). The piece is black with dark green and gold detail which has a nice patina. The price includes UK delivery. Sn 20613.
£345.00
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